The Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion source prototype has been chosen for the ITER neutral beam injectors due to its optimal performances and easier maintenance demonstrated at Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching in hydrogen and deuterium. One of the key information to better understand the operating behavior of the RF ion sources is the extracted negative ion current density distribution. This distribution - influenced by several factors like source geometry, particle drifts inside the source, cesium distribution, and layout of cesium ovens - is not straightforward to be evaluated. The main outcome of the present contribution is the development of a minimization method to estimate the extracted current distribution using the footprint of the beam recorded with mini-STRIKE (Short-Time Retractable Instrumented Kalorimeter). To accomplish this, a series of four computational models have been set up, where the output of a model is the input of the following one. These models compute the optics of the ion beam, evaluate the distribution of the heat deposited on the mini-STRIKE diagnostic calorimeter, and finally give an estimate of the temperature distribution on the back of mini-STRIKE. Several iterations with different extracted current profiles are necessary to give an estimate of the profile most compatible with the experimental data. A first test of the application of the method to the BAvarian Test Machine for Negative ions beam is given.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Agostinetti, P., Giacomin, M., Serianni, G., Veltri, P., Bonomo, F., & Schiesko, L. (2016). Preliminary results concerning the simulation of beam profiles from extracted ion current distributions for mini-STRIKE. Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), -. [02B913]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4933185