Nuclear waste management has to be taken into account for fusion machine in tritium experimentations. Soft housekeeping waste is produced during both operating and dismantling phases and is contaminated by tritium under reduced (HT) and oxidized (HTO) forms. At CEA Cadarache, a lab-scaled facility has been built for soft housekeeping detritiation. The tritiated gas exhausted from the process described above is foreseen to be treated by a tubular Pd-Ag membrane reactor, for gaseous tritium recovery. Since this membrane reactor uses hydrogen as swamping gas the compatibility toward explosive hazard has to be taken into account. Then, this work presents a double objective. A first study is presented in order to identify the best conditions for the declassification of soft housekeeping waste, without tritium recovery. Experiments carried out at 120 °C are not efficient enough and do not allow one to choose the most efficient carrier gas. Some other tests are being currently performed at higher temperatures (150 °C). Moreover, due to safety issues, the use of air has to be avoided during membrane reactor implementation phase. Preliminary results obtained with hydrogen hazard-free carrier gases are also presented. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Lefebvre, X., Trabuc, P., Liger, K., Perrais, C., Tosti, S., Borgognoni, F., & Santucci, A. (2012). Preliminary results from a detritiation facility dedicated to soft housekeeping waste. Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), 1040 - 1044. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2012.02.076