Preliminary studies for a beam-generated plasma neutralizer test in NIO1

E. Sartori, P. Veltri, L. Balbinot, M. Cavenago, M. Veranda, V. Antoni, G. Serianni

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Abstract

The deployment of neutral beam injectors in future fusion plants is beset by the particularly poor efficiency of the neutralization process. Beam-generated plasma neutralizers were proposed as a passive and intrinsically safe scheme of efficient plasma neutralizers. The concept is based on the natural ionization of the gas target by the beam, and on a suitable confinement of the secondary plasma. The technological challenge of such a concept is the magnetic confinement of the secondary plasma: a proof-of-principle for the concept is needed. The possibility to test of such a system in the small negative ion beam system NIO1 is discussed in this paper. The constraints given by the facility are first discussed. A model of beam-gas interaction is developed to provide the charge-state of beam particles along the neutralizer, and to provide the source terms of plasma generation. By using a cylindrical model of plasma diffusion in magnetic fields, the ionization degree of the target is estimated. In the absence of magnetic fields the diffusion model is validated against experimental measurements of the space-charge compensation plasma in the drift region of NIO1. Finally, the feasibility study for a beam-generated plasma neutralizer in NIO is presented. The neutralizer length, required gas target thickness, and a very simple magnetic setup were considered, taking into account the integration in NIO1. For the basic design a low ionization degree (1%) is obtained, however a promising plasma density up to hundred times the beam density was calculated. The proposed test in NIO1 can be the starting point for studying advanced schemes of magnetic confinement aiming at ionization degrees in the order of 10%.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event5th International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, NIBS 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Aug 2017 → …

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, NIBS 2016
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityOxford
Period9/8/17 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Sartori, E., Veltri, P., Balbinot, L., Cavenago, M., Veranda, M., Antoni, V., & Serianni, G. (2017). Preliminary studies for a beam-generated plasma neutralizer test in NIO1. Paper presented at 5th International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources, NIBS 2016, Oxford, United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4995783