Prenatal exposure to radiofrequencies: Effects of WiFi signals on thymocyte development and peripheral T cell compartment in an animal model

Federica Laudisi, Manolo Sambucci, Francesca Nasta, Rosanna Pinto, Rossella Lodato, Pierluigi Altavista, Giorgio Alfonso Lovisolo, Carmela Marino, Claudio Pioli

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Abstract

Wireless local area networks are an increasing alternative to wired data networks in workplaces, homes, and public areas. Concerns about possible health effects of this type of signal, especially when exposure occurs early in life, have been raised. We examined the effects of prenatal (in utero) exposure to wireless fidelity (WiFi) signal-associated electromagnetic fields (2450MHz center-frequency band) on T cell development and function. Pregnant mice were exposed whole body to a specific absorption rate of 4W/kg, 2h per day, starting 5 days after mating and ending 1 day before the expected delivery. Sham-exposed and cage control groups were used as controls. No effects on cell count, phenotype, and proliferation of thymocytes were observed. Also, spleen cell count, CD4/CD8 cell frequencies, T cell proliferation, and cytokine production were not affected by the exposure. These findings were consistently observed in the male and female offspring at early (5 weeks of age) and late (26 weeks of age) time points. Nevertheless, the expected differences associated with aging and/or gender were confirmed. In conclusion, our results do not support the hypothesis that the exposure to WiFi signals during prenatal life results in detrimental effects on the immune T cell compartment. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652 - 661
Number of pages10
JournalBioelectromagnetics
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physiology

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