Production and diagnosis of energetic particles in FAST

M. Tardocchi, A. Bruschi, L. Figini, G. Grossetti, D. Marocco, M. Nocente, G. Calabrò, A. Cardinali, F. Crisanti, B. Esposito, G. Gorini, G. Grosso, M. Lontano, S. Nowak, F. Orsitto, U. Tartari, O. Tudisco

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The Fusion Advanced Study Torus (FAST) has been proposed as a possible European satellite facility to study fast-ion physics in deuterium plasmas under conditions relevant to a burning plasma. Energetic minority ions (H or 3He) accelerated by ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH), with dimensionless parameters close to those of fusion-born alphas in ITER, can be produced in FAST via 30 MW power ICRH minority heating. This work provides a first assessment of the extent to which the 3He fast-ion population can be diagnosed in FAST with a set of dedicated diagnostics for confined fast particles. Neutron emission spectroscopy (NES), gamma-ray spectroscopy (GRS) and collective Thomson scattering (CTS) diagnostics have been reviewed with a description of the state-of-the-art hardware and a preliminary analysis of the required lines of sight. The results of the analysis, based on numerical simulations of the spatial and energetic particle distribution function of the ICRH-accelerated ions for the standard FAST H-mode scenario, suggest that NES and GRS measurements can provide information on the fast 3He population effective tail temperature, with time resolutions in the range 20-100 ms. The proposed CTS diagnostic can measure the fast-ion parallel and perpendicular temperature with a spatial resolution of 5-10 cm and a time resolution of 10 ms. The paper provides a scientific basis for the prediction of the production and diagnosis of energetic ions in FAST. © 2012 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023002
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tardocchi, M., Bruschi, A., Figini, L., Grossetti, G., Marocco, D., Nocente, M., ... Tudisco, O. (2012). Production and diagnosis of energetic particles in FAST. Nuclear Fusion, 52(2), -. [023002].