Production of biomass and ginsenosides from adventitious roots of Panax ginseng in bioreactor cultures

G. Sivakumar, K.W. Yu, K.Y. Paek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Organic nutrients play a central role during Panax ginseng adventitious root culture in bioreactor systems. To understand how the nutrient elements were uptaken during the adventitious root growth as well as the production of biomass and natural ginsenosides, a biotechnological approach to identifying the nutritional physiology of ginseng in a commercial-scale bioreactor was necessary. Normal MS medium nutrient in the bioreactor culture of adventitious roots resulted in slow growth, low biomass, and Rg and Rb ginsenoside contents. When the ginsenoside production increased to higher levels, a group of regulatory nutritional elements that have the potential to interact with biomass was identified. The effects of the salt strength of the medium, of macroelements, metal elements, the ammonia/nitrate ratio, sucrose concentration, and osmotic agents on the growth, the formation of biomass and the production of ginsenosides from adventitious roots were investigated. Appropriate conditions allowed for a maximum ginsenoide production of up to 12.42 [mg/g DW] to be obtained after 5 weeks of culture. The results demonstrated that the key organic nutrients can be regulated to improve the biomass and growth, and increase the ginsenoside yield in bioreactor cultures of P. ginseng adventitious roots. © 2005 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333 - 342
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering in Life Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering

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