Progress in internal transport barrier plasmas with lower hybrid current drive and heating in JET (Joint European Torus)

J. Mailloux, B. Alper, Y. Baranov, A. Becoulet, A. Cardinali, C. Castaldo, R. Cesario, G. Conway, C.D. Challis, F. Crisanti, M. De Baar, P. De Vries, A. Ekedahl, K. Erents, C. Gowers, N.C. Hawkes, G.M.D. Hogeweij, F. Imbeaux, E. Joffrin, X. LitaudonP. Lomas, G.F. Matthews, D. Mazon, V. Pericoli, R. Prentice, F. Rimini, Y. Sarazin, B.C. Stratton, A.A. Tuccillo, T. Tala, K.-D. Zastrow

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In optimized shear plasmas in the Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut and B. E. Keen, Fusion Technol. 11, 13 (1987)], safety factor (q) profiles with negative magnetic shear are produced by applying lower hybrid (LH) waves during the plasma current ramp-up phase. These plasmas produce a barrier to the electron energy transport. The radius at which the barrier is located increases with the LH wave power. When heated with high power from ion cyclotron resonance heating and neutral beam injection, they can additionally produce transient internal transport barriers (ITBs) seen on the ion temperature, electron density, and toroidal rotation velocity profiles. Due to recent improvements in coupling, q profile control with LH current drive in ITB plasmas with strong combined heating can be explored. These new experiments have led to ITBs sustained for several seconds by the LH wave. Simulations show that the current driven by the LH waves peaks at the ITB location, indicating that it can act in the region of low magnetic shear. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2156 - 2164
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Mailloux, J., Alper, B., Baranov, Y., Becoulet, A., Cardinali, A., Castaldo, C., Cesario, R., Conway, G., Challis, C. D., Crisanti, F., De Baar, M., De Vries, P., Ekedahl, A., Erents, K., Gowers, C., Hawkes, N. C., Hogeweij, G. M. D., Imbeaux, F., Joffrin, E., ... Zastrow, K-D. (2002). Progress in internal transport barrier plasmas with lower hybrid current drive and heating in JET (Joint European Torus). Physics of Plasmas, 9(5), 2156 - 2164.