Progress in the realization of the PRIMA neutral beam test facility

V. Toigo, D. Boilson, T. Bonicelli, R. Piovan, M. Hanada, A. Chakraborty, G. Agarici, V. Antoni, U. Baruah, M. Bigi, G. Chitarin, S. Dal Bello, H. Decamps, J. Graceffa, M. Kashiwagi, R. Hemsworth, A. Luchetta, D. Marcuzzi, A. Masiello, F. PaolucciR. Pasqualotto, H. Patel, N. Pomaro, C. Rotti, G. Serianni, M. Simon, M. Singh, N.P. Singh, L. Svensson, H. Tobari, K. Watanabe, P. Zaccaria, P. Agostinetti, M. Agostini, R. Andreani, D. Aprile, M. Bandyopadhyay, M. Barbisan, M. Battistella, P. Bettini, P. Blatchford, M. Boldrin, F. Bonomo, E. Bragulat, M. Brombin, M. Cavenago, B. Chuilon, A. Coniglio, G. Croci, M. Dalla Palma, M. D'Arienzo, R. Dave, H.P.L. De Esch, A. De Lorenzi, M. De Muri, R. Delogu, H. Dhola, U. Fantz, F. Fellin, L. Fellin, A. Ferro, A. Fiorentin, N. Fonnesu, P. Franzen, M. Fröschle, E. Gaio, G. Gambetta, G. Gomez, F. Gnesotto, G. Gorini, L. Grando, V. Gupta, D. Gutierrez, S. Hanke, C. Hardie, B. Heinemann, A. Kojima, W. Kraus, T. Maeshima, A. Maistrello, G. Manduchi, N. Marconato, G. Mico, J.F. Moreno, M. Moresco, A. Muraro, V. Muvvala, R. Nocentini, E. Ocello, S. Ochoa, D. Parmar, A. Patel, M. Pavei, S. Peruzzo, N. Pilan, V. Pilard, M. Recchia, R. Riedl, A. Rizzolo, G. Roopesh, G. Rostagni, S. Sandri, E. Sartori, P. Sonato, A. Sottocornola, S. Spagnolo, M. Spolaore, C. Taliercio, M. Tardocchi, A. Thakkar, N. Umeda, M. Valente, P. Veltri, A. Yadav, H. Yamanaka, A. Zamengo, B. Zaniol, L. Zanotto, M. Zaupa

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81 Citations (Scopus)


The ITER project requires additional heating by two neutral beam injectors, each accelerating to 1 MV a 40 A beam of negative deuterium ions, to deliver to the plasma a power of about 17 MW for one hour. As these requirements have never been experimentally met, it was recognized as necessary to setup a test facility, PRIMA (Padova Research on ITER Megavolt Accelerator), in Italy, including a full-size negative ion source, SPIDER, and a prototype of the whole ITER injector, MITICA, aiming to develop the heating injectors to be installed in ITER. This realization is made with the main contribution of the European Union, through the Joint Undertaking for ITER (F4E), the ITER Organization and Consorzio RFX which hosts the Test Facility. The Japanese and the Indian ITER Domestic Agencies (JADA and INDA) participate in the PRIMA enterprise; European laboratories, such as IPP-Garching, KIT-Karlsruhe, CCFE-Culham, CEA-Cadarache and others are also cooperating. Presently, the assembly of SPIDER is on-going and the MITICA design is being completed. The paper gives a general overview of the test facility and of the status of development of the MITICA and SPIDER main components at this important stage of the overall development; then it focuses on the latest and most critical issues, regarding both physics and technology, describing the identified solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number083025
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Toigo, V., Boilson, D., Bonicelli, T., Piovan, R., Hanada, M., Chakraborty, A., Agarici, G., Antoni, V., Baruah, U., Bigi, M., Chitarin, G., Dal Bello, S., Decamps, H., Graceffa, J., Kashiwagi, M., Hemsworth, R., Luchetta, A., Marcuzzi, D., Masiello, A., ... Zaupa, M. (2015). Progress in the realization of the PRIMA neutral beam test facility. Nuclear Fusion, 55(8), -. [083025].