The basic physics properties and simplified model descriptions of the paradigmatic "percolation" transport in low-frequency electrostatic (anisotropic magnetic) turbulence are theoretically analyzed. The key problem being addressed is the scaling of the turbulent diffusion coefficient with the fluctuation strength in the limit of slow fluctuation frequencies (large Kubo numbers). In this limit, the transport is found to exhibit pseudochaotic, rather than simply chaotic, properties associated with the vanishing Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy and anomalously slow mixing of phase-space trajectories. Based on a simple random-walk model, we find the low-frequency percolation scaling of the turbulent diffusion coefficient to be given by D/ω Q2/3 (here Q 1 is the Kubo number and ω is the characteristic fluctuation frequency). When the pseudochaotic property is relaxed, the percolation scaling is shown to cross over to Bohm scaling. The features of turbulent transport in the pseudochaotic regime are described statistically in terms of a time fractional diffusion equation with the fractional derivative in the Caputo sense. Additional physics effects associated with finite particle inertia are considered. © 2009 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics