Pulsed laser deposition of high critical current density YBa

E. Varesi, G. Celentano, T. Petrisor, V. Boffa, L. Ciontea, V. Galluzzi, U. Gambardella, A. Mancini, A. Rufoloni, A. Vannozzi

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Epitaxial YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) films with critical current densities exceeding 1 MA cm-2 (at 77 K in self magnetic field) were epitaxially grown on biaxially textured Ni 5 at% W (Ni-W) substrate using only a CeO2 buffer layer. Both YBCO and CeO2 films were deposited in situ by pulsed laser ablation. The oxidation behaviour of the Ni-W substrate enables the epitaxial growth of a CeO2 oxide buffer layer without using the forming gas (Ar 4%H2). SEM investigations of YBCO and CeO2 films reveal a dense microstructure without cracks or porosity. X-ray pole figures show a cube-on-cube epitaxy with a [100]YBCO//[110]CeO2//[100]Ni-W epitaxial relationship. The YBCO superconducting film has a good out-of-plane and in-plane texture with a full-width-half-maximum of 5.8° and 6.6°, respectively. No severe degradation of JC with film thickness, up to 1 μm thick films, was observed. The use of a single buffer layer on Ni-W substrates represents an important simplification in the scaling-up for long tape fabrication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498 - 505
Number of pages8
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Varesi, E., Celentano, G., Petrisor, T., Boffa, V., Ciontea, L., Galluzzi, V., Gambardella, U., Mancini, A., Rufoloni, A., & Vannozzi, A. (2003). Pulsed laser deposition of high critical current density YBa. Superconductor Science and Technology, 16(4), 498 - 505. https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/16/4/313