Quantitative assessment of the long term behaviour of 90Sr in Lake Uruskul, Southern Urals, Russia

Luigi Monte, Ivan Kryshev, Tatiana Sazykina

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The present paper is aimed at assessing the long term behaviour of90Sr migration from water to bottom sediments of Lake Uruskul, Southern Urals, Russia. The lake was contaminated following the nuclear accident at the Mayak nuclear complex in 1957 (the Kyshtym accident). Some transfer parameters relevant to the behaviour of90Sr in the water-sediment system were evaluated: a) the radionuclide migration velocity from the water column to the bottom sediment, b) the radionuclide migration rate from bottom sediment to water, and c) the radionuclide migration rate from bottom sediment to deep sediment. The estimated values of the above parameters were 6.4×10-8m s-1, 5.7×10-10s-1and 5.2×10-10s-1, respectively. These values were compared with data obtained for some Italian lakes contaminated by90Sr after the nuclear weapons tests fallout. The relatively low radionuclide migration from water to sediment of these lakes is reflected by the values of the ratio migration velocity/migration rate from sediment to water (4 m and 12 m) that are significantly lower than the corresponding value in the Russian lake (112 m). The peculiar hydrochemical conditions of Lake Uruskul (high pH, high mineralisation, etc.) are considered to be responsible for the high radionuclide migration from water to sediment. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61 - 74
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)

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