Quench propagation and quench detection in the TF system of JT-60SA

Benoit Lacroix, Jean-Luc Duchateau, Chantal Meuris, Daniel Ciazynski, Sylvie Nicollet, Louis Zani, Gian-Mario Polli

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In the framework of the JT-60SA project, France and Italy will provide to JAEA 18 Toroidal Field (TF) coils including NbTi cable-in-conduit conductors. During the tokamak operation, these coils could experience a quench, an incidental event corresponding to the irreversible transition from superconducting state to normal resistive state. Starting from a localized disturbance, the normal zone propagates along the conductor and dissipates a large energy due to Joule heating, which can cause irreversible damages. The detection has to be fast enough (a few seconds) to trigger the current discharge, so as to dump the stored magnetic energy into an external resistor. The JT-60SA primary quench detection system will be based on voltage measurements, which are the most rapid technology. The features of the detection system must be adjusted so as to detect the most probable quenches, while avoiding inopportune fast safety discharges. This requires a reliable simulation of the early quench propagation, performed in this study with the Gandalf code. The conductor temperature reached during the current discharge must be kept under a maximal value, according to the hot spot criterion. In the present study, a hot spot criterion temperature of 150 K was taken into account and the role of each conductor component (strands, helium and conduit) was analyzed. The detection parameters were then investigated for different hypotheses regarding the quench initiation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559 - 562
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number6-8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lacroix, B., Duchateau, J-L., Meuris, C., Ciazynski, D., Nicollet, S., Zani, L., & Polli, G-M. (2013). Quench propagation and quench detection in the TF system of JT-60SA. Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), 559 - 562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2013.02.157