Rationale and method for design of DEMO WCLL breeding blanket poloidal segmentation

Rocco Mozzillo, Alessandro Del Nevo, Emanuela Martelli, Giuseppe Di Gironimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the most critical components in the design of DEMO Power Plant is the Breeding Blanket. Currently, four candidates are investigated as options for DEMO. One of these is the Water Coolant Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket. A new concept design has been proposed and investigated in 2015. The first activity driving the Breeding Blanket design was the definition of the poloidal segmentation. Current trend in breeding blanket design is based on the multi module box approach, which has advantages in terms of manufacturing, in reducing the global stress and strain during the start-up and the shut-down phases and during operation, because the favourable thermal expansions; and in simplifying the First Wall layout and integration. Nevertheless, drawbacks are identified, such as the reduction of Tritium Breeding Ratio, the constraints in manifold and in Back Supporting Structure design and integration because the limited space available. The present work concerns a method that, starting from these constraints, defines and optimizes some of the main design drivers for the selection of the segmentation of the Water Coolant Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket. The method by definition is based just on geometrical parameters because it is used as first step of the design when any analysis and detailed data are available. It is based on the definition of Figures Of Merits, consisting in numerical parameters, such as the ratio between the modules volume and the overall volume of segment assigned, the approximation between the real profile of the modules and the theoretical one, the form factor of the modules, the ratio between the module thickness at the mid-plane and the segment thickness at the same position. The figures of merits support the choice among different options. In particular two different solutions of poloidal segmentation have been compared and, according to the proposed method, the best one was chosen for the design of Water Coolant Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664 - 668
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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