In last years, the power system operators are tackling many challenges for the renewable energies integration on the grid. Further, the expected increase of electrical demand due to the uncoordinated contemporary charging of a huge number of Electric Vehicles (EVs) can create chaotic phenomena with a negative impact especially on the distribution network. Help can be offered by the deployment of Smart Grid technologies, such as Smart Metering Systems (SMSs), Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and Energy Storage Systems (ESSs). In particular, in Micro-Grids, Battery ESSs (BESSs) can play a fundamental role and can become fundamental for the integration of EV fast charging stations and distributed generations. In this case the storage can have peak shaving, load shifting and power quality functions. The ESSs can provide ancillary services also on the grid as the reactive control to adjust the power factor. In the present paper, a monitoring control program to manage the reactive power of a real ESS in a Micro-Grid has been implemented. The system is a prototype, designed, implemented and now available at ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) labs. A wide experimental activity has been performed on the prototype system in order to test this functionality for the integration in a bigger Smart Grid available at the same ENEA labs including the Micro-grid. The integration has been possible, thanks to the free ICT protocols used by the researchers and which are described here. The results of the experimental tests show that the system can have good performance to adjust the power factor in respect to the main distribution grid and an EV charging station.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications
Sbordone, D. A., Martirano, L., Falvo, M. C., Chiavaroli, L., Di Pietra, B., Bertini, I., & Genovese, A. (2016). Reactive power control for an energy storage system: A real implementation in a Micro-Grid. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 59, 250 - 263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2015.05.006