Real time control developments at JET in preparation for deuterium-tritium operation

M. Lennholm, I.S. Carvalho, K. Cave-Ayland, A. Chagnard, C. Challis, R. Felton, D. Frigione, L. Garzotti, A. Goodyear, J.P. Graves, C. Guillemaut, J.R. Harrison, E. Lerche, P.J. Lomas, R. Mooney, F. Rimini, A.C.C. Sips, C. Sozzi, D. Valcarcel, J. Vega

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Robust high performance plasma scenarios are being developed to exploit the unique capability of JET to operate with Tritium and Deuterium. In this context, real time control schemes are used to guide the plasma into the desired state and maintain it there. Other real time schemes detect undesirable behaviour and trigger appropriate actions to assure the best experimental results without unnecessary use of the limited neutron and Tritium budget. This paper discusses continuously active controllers and event/threshold detection algorithms triggering a variety of actions. Recent advances include: (i) Control of the degree of plasma detachment via impurity injection; (ii) ELM frequency control via gas/Pellet injection; (iii) Sawtooth pacing using ICRH modulation, (iv) control of the Hydrogen to Deuterium isotope ratio through gas injection and (v) the determination that a discharge is not evolving as desired, triggering a cascade of actions attempting to stop the plasma rapidly and safely, eventually triggering massive gas injection if a disruption is deemed unavoidable. For high power Deuterium-Tritium operation these control schemes need to be integrated into the plasma scenarios ensuring that they are mutually compatible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535 - 540
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lennholm, M., Carvalho, I. S., Cave-Ayland, K., Chagnard, A., Challis, C., Felton, R., Frigione, D., Garzotti, L., Goodyear, A., Graves, J. P., Guillemaut, C., Harrison, J. R., Lerche, E., Lomas, P. J., Mooney, R., Rimini, F., Sips, A. C. C., Sozzi, C., Valcarcel, D., & Vega, J. (2017). Real time control developments at JET in preparation for deuterium-tritium operation. Fusion Engineering and Design, 123, 535 - 540.