Real-time Linux operating system for plasma control on FTU - Implementation advantages and first experimental results

V. Vitale, C. Centioli, F. Iannone, G. Mazza, M. Panella, L. Pangione, S. Podda, L. Zaccarian

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In this paper, we report on the experiment carried out at the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU) on the porting of the plasma control system (PCS) from a LynxOS architecture to an open source Linux real-time architecture. The old LynxOS system was implemented on a VME/PPC604r embedded controller guaranteeing successful plasma position, density and current control. The new RTAI-Linux operating system has shown to easily adapt to the VME hardware via a VME/INTELx86 embedded controller. The advantages of the new solution versus the old one are not limited to the reduced cost of the new architecture (based on the open-source characteristic of the RTAI architecture) but also enhanced by the response time of the real-time system which, also through an optimization of the real-time code, has been reduced from 150μs (LynxOS) to 70μs (RTAI). The new real-time operating system is also shown to be suitable for new extended control activities, whose implementation is also possible based on the reduced duty cycle duration, which leaves space for the real-time implementation of nonlinear control laws. We report here on recent experiments related to the optimization of the coupling between additional radiofrequency power and plasma. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71 - 76
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number1-4 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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