Relationship between UVB and broadband solar radiation in Spain

S. Gandía, M.P. Utrillas, J.L. Gómez-Amo, A.R. Esteve, V. Estellés, R. Pedrós, J.A. Núñez, J.A. Martínez Lozano

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The daily values of UVB irradiation (290-315 nm), IUVB, and the broadband total irradiation (300-2800 nm), IT, measured on a horizontal plane have been correlated for the period 2000-2008 at 16 measurement sites in Spain. The results have been compared with the daily experimental values registered at the same sites during the period 2009-2011. The coefficients of determination R2 obtained by applying a linear regression are higher than 0.88 for all sites and increase to 0.94 when using a quadratic regression. When all data are considered together, the values of R2 are 0.91 and 0.97 for the linear and quadratic regressions, respectively. Three different clearness indices, which are dimensionless parameters, have been also used in order to reduce the uncertainties of the estimations and to reduce the local nature of the coefficients: (1) the UVB clearness index, kTUVB=IUVB/I0UVB; (2) the modified UVB clearness index, k′TUVB and (3) the estimated UVB clearness index, k*TUVB. The results show a strong dependence on the solar zenith angle. The bi-dimensional regression of kTUVB as a function of the solar zenith angle and the clearness index, kT, substantially improves the correlation, with R2 values higher than 0.81 for all sites. Finally, a formula relating kTUVB and kT, valid for latitudes between 36°N and 44°N, has been obtained: kTUVB=0.064 kT - 0.0011 θz - 1.24 E-05 ϕ{symbol}+7.6 E-05 λ+0.063, where θz represents the solar zenith angle (in degrees), ϕ{symbol} is the latitude (in degrees) of the site and λ is the distance to the sea (in km). We have compared the experimental values for the period 2009-2011 with those estimated using this expression. For this, the coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.87, with a MBD of -3.4%, a RMSE of 21% and a NRMSE of 8.7%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761 - 1771
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Gandía, S., Utrillas, M. P., Gómez-Amo, J. L., Esteve, A. R., Estellés, V., Pedrós, R., ... Martínez Lozano, J. A. (2015). Relationship between UVB and broadband solar radiation in Spain. International Journal of Climatology, 35(8), 1761 - 1771.