Response of a diamond detector sandwich to 14 MeV neutrons

M. Osipenko, M. Ripani, G. Ricco, B. Caiffi, F. Pompili, M. Pillon, G. Verona-Rinati, R. Cardarelli

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In this paper we present the measurement of the response of 50 μm thin diamond detectors to 14 MeV neutrons. Such neutrons are produced in fusion reactors and are of particular interest for ITER neutron diagnostics. Among semiconductor detectors diamond has properties most appropriate for harsh radiation and temperature conditions of a fusion reactor. However, 300-500 μm thick diamond detectors suffer significant radiation damage already at neutron fluences of the order of 1014n/cm2. It is expected that a 50 μm thick diamond will withstand a fluence of >1016n/cm2. We tested two 50 μm thick single crystal CVD diamonds, stacked to form a "sandwich" detector for coincidence measurements. The coincidence between two diamonds allows to suppress background and increase detection efficiency. The detector measured the conversion of 14 MeV neutrons, impinging on one diamond, into α particles which were detected in the second diamond in coincidence with nuclear recoil. For C12(n,α)Be9 reaction the total energy deposited in the detector gives access to the initial neutron energy value. The measured 14 MeV neutron detection sensitivity through this reaction by a detector of an effective area 3×3 mm2was 5×10-7counts cm2/n. This value is in good agreement with Geant4 simulations. The energy resolution of the detector was found to be 870 keV FWHM, but according to Geant4 simulations only about 160 keV FWHM were intrinsic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19 - 25
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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