Global gyrokinetic particle simulation and nonlinear gyrokinetic theory find that electron temperature gradient (ETG) instability saturates via nonlinear toroidal coupling, which is a nonlocal interaction in the wave vector space that transfers energy successively from unstable modes to damped modes preferentially with lower toroidal mode numbers. The electrostatic ETG turbulence is dominated by nonlinearly generated radial streamers. The length of the streamers scales with the device size, which is longer than the distance between mode rational surfaces and electron radial excursions. Both fluctuation intensity and transport level at saturation are independent of the streamer length, and are much smaller than the mixing length estimates. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics