Experiments in H-mode plasmas have shown that both heat and particle transport are sensitive to the ratio between electron and ion temperature (Te/Ti). While decreasing Te/Ti is beneficial for confinement, an increased electron heating in these so called 'hot ion plasmas' deteriorates the confinement. H-mode plasmas with low T e/Ti are often accompanied by high toroidal rotation velocity (v). Its gradient (∇v) can destabilize the ion temperature gradient mode (ITG) through its parallel component in the parallel velocity shear, but it has also stabilizing effects since it produces an E × B shearing rate (ωE × B). In this paper, the effects of electron heating on the ion heat transport is investigated in H-mode plasmas heated by neutral beam injection (NBI) and electron cyclotron heating (ECH). In particular, the correlation on Te/Ti and ∇v is studied and compared with calculations made with GLF23 and GS2. Experimentally it is shown that the normalized gradient length of the ions is correlated with both Te/Ti and ∇v: peaked ion temperature profiles are only obtained with low Te/Ti and high ∇v, and vice-versa. When ECH is added, both ion heat and momentum transport are enhanced, leading to a drop of both the Ti and v profiles. The effective growth rate γeff ≤ γ-ω E × B is calculated, with the mode growth rate γ determined with GS2 and ωE × B with GLF23. The ion transport is enhanced due to the decrease of the ITG threshold with increasing Te/Ti. Comparison of the dependence of on T e/Ti and ∇v between experiments and modelling indicates that the deterioration of confinement cannot be explained by the changes in only Te/Ti or ∇v, but by the combined effects of both parameters. The changes in Te/Ti act directly on the ITG threshold, while the ones in ∇v modify the ωE × B shearing rate leading to changes in the effective threshold. © 2006 IAEA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics