Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling: A comparative study

M. Maritato, L. Orazi, D. Laurito, G. Formisano, E. Serra, M. Lollobrigida, A. Molinari, A. De Biase

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. Methods: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon®Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart®; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon®Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8. The treated samples were then analysed using a white light interferometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: Roughness analysis revealed major surface alterations in Group C (Sa= 24.98 μm); the samples treated using the combined technique (Group AC) showed reduced but still significant alteration (Sa= 14.48 μm), while samples treated with the piezoelectric ultrasonic devices (Group A and Group P) presented the lowest roughness values (Sa= 8.99 and Sa= 4.45 μm, respectively). A significant difference was found between groups C and P (P = 0.036). SEM analysis confirmed the roughness analysis revealing non-homogeneous surfaces in Group C, while a less morphological alteration was noted in the other groups. Conclusion: All periodontal devices used in this in vitro study produced a certain degree of surface alteration. Hand curettes appear to have a major impact on surface integrity compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalInternational Journal of Dental Hygiene
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Maritato, M., Orazi, L., Laurito, D., Formisano, G., Serra, E., Lollobrigida, M., Molinari, A., & De Biase, A. (Accepted/In press). Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling: A comparative study. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, -.