We report on the pneumocystography-CT follow-up of locally aggressive bladder carcinoma patients treated with combined and simultaneous irradiation and chemotherapy. Particular attention was paid to assess residual thickening of the wall involved by the tumor, which is the most critical parameter to discriminate a persistent from a resolved condition. We examined 16 patients (mean age: 66.5 years) with histologically locally advanced urinary bladder cancer staged T2-T3. All patients underwent the first CT exam of the bladder with the pneumocystography technique before therapy, for disease staging, another exam after chemotherapy and a third one after simultaneous irradiation and chemotherapy. The endoluminal mass completely regressed in all cases, with normal endoscopic findings. In 9 of 16 cases, the bladder wall was thickened in the tumor site, with normal mucosal surface. The histology of bioptic specimens obtained during cystoscopy showed a high frequency of phlogistic reactions from foreign bodies, corresponding to the bladder wall thickening seen on CT images. We conclude that, in extensive neoplastic bladder wall involvement, therapy-induced histologic regressive phenomena can cause a granulomatous reaction in the bladder wall, thus thickening it, which is the most frequent sign in these cases but that, in our experience, was never associated with tumor invasion. This should be always considered in the CT studies performed after this kind of combined treatment.
|Pages (from-to)||629 - 633|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Preziosi, P., Orefici, F., Di Renzi, P., La Vecchia, L., Tirindelli-Danesi, D., Giacobini, S., ... Orlacchio, A. (1996). Ruolo della Tomografia Computerizzata nel carcinoma vescicale sottoposto a radio e chemioterapia contemporanee associate. Radiologia Medica, 92(5), 629 - 633.