Saturation Dynamics in FEL and Optical-Klystron FEL Devices

G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, A. Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this note we present an analysis of FEL saturation mechanisms, with particular attention to the case of optical-klystron (O.K.) devices operating with low energy e-beam in the single-passage configuration. We discuss the range of validity of already introduced FEL gain versus intensity saturation formulae and show that O.K. FEL saturation occurs in two distinct steps. In the first, the dispersive section is ‘‘turned-off,’’ in the second, saturation in the conventional sense is reached. © 1994 IEEE
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283 - 1288
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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