Scientific basis for the Soviet and Russian radiofrequency standards for the general public

Michael Repacholi, Yuri Grigoriev, Jochen Buschmann, Claudio Pioli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The former Soviet Union (USSR) and the USA were the first countries to introduce standards limiting exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields. However, the exposure limits in the USSR standards were always much lower than those in the USA and other countries. The objective of this article is to provide a history of the development of the Soviet and Russian RF standards. In addition, we summarize the scientific evidence used to develop the original USSR RF and subsequent Russian public health standards, as well as the mobile telecommunications standard published in 2003, but we do not critique them. We also describe the protective approaches used by the Soviet and Russian scientists for setting their limits. A translation of the papers of the key studies used to develop their standards is available in the online version of this publication. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623 - 633
Number of pages11
JournalBioelectromagnetics
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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