We investigated second order optical nonlinearity of zinc oxide thin films, grown on glass substrates by the dual ion beam sputtering technique under different deposition conditions. Linear optical characterization of the films was carried out by spectrophotometric optical transmittance and reflectance measurements, giving the complex refractive index dispersion. Resistivity of the films was determined using the four-point probe sheet resistance method. Second harmonic generation measurements were performed by means of the Maker fringes technique where the fundamental beam was originated by nanosecond laser at λ=1064 nm. We found a relatively high nonlinear optical response, and evidence of a dependence of the nonlinear coefficient on the deposition parameters for each sample. Moreover, the crystalline properties of the films were investigated by x-ray diffraction measurements and correlation with second order nonlinearity were analyzed. Finally, we investigated the influence of the oxygen flow rate during the deposition process on both the second order nonlinearity and the structural properties of the samples. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
Larciprete, M. C., Passeri, D., Michelotti, F., Paoloni, S., Sibilia, C., Bertolotti, M., ... Lo Mastro, S. (2005). Second order nonlinear optical properties of zinc oxide films deposited by low temperature dual ion beam sputtering. Journal of Applied Physics, 97(2), -. . https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1835541