Sensitive parameters in predicting exposure contaminants concentration in a risk assessment process

Salvatore Avagliano, Antonella Vecchio, Vincenzo Belgiorno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sensitivity analysis (SA) was conducted on the analytical models considered in the risk-based corrective-action (RBCA) methodology of risk analysis, as developed by the American Society for Testing of Materials (ASTM), to predict a contaminant's concentration in the affected medium at the point of human exposure. These models are of interest because evaluations regarding the best approach to contaminated site remediation are shifting toward increased use of risk-based decision, and the ASTM RBCA methodology represents the most effective and internationally widely used standardized guide for risk assessment process. This paper identifies key physical and chemical parameters that need additional precision and accuracy consideration in order to reduce uncertainty in models prediction, thereby saving time, money and engineering effort in the data collection process. SA was performed applying a variance-based method to organic contaminants migration models with reference to soil-to-groundwater leaching ingestion exposure scenario. Results indicate that model output strongly depends on the organic-carbon partition coefficient, organic-carbon content, net infiltration, Darcy velocity, source-receptor distance, and first-order decay constant. © Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133 - 148
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume111
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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