Code validation activities have been promoted inside the European fusion development agreement (EFDA) to test the capability of codes in simulating accident phenomena in fusion facilities and, specifically, in the International thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER). This work includes a comparison between three different computer codes (CONSEN, MAGS and MELCOR) and one analytical model (ITER Model) in simulating cryogenic helium releases into the vacuum vessel (VV) which contains hot structures. The scope was the evaluation of the transient pressure inside the VV. The results will be used to design a vent duct (equivalent diameter, length and roughness) to allow pressure relief for the protection of the VV, which has a maximum design pressure of 200 kPa. The model geometry is a simplified scheme preserving the main features of the ITER design. Based on the results of the simulations, a matrix of experiments was developed to validate the calculated results and to design the vent duct for the ITER VV. The experiments are planned to be performed in the EVITA test facility, located in the CEA Cadarache research centre (France). © 2006 IAEA, Vienna.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Caruso, G., Bartels, H. W., Iseli, M., Meyder, R., Nordlinder, S., Pasler, V., & Porfiri, M. T. (2006). Simulation of cryogenic He spills as basis for planning of experimental campaign in the EVITA facility. Nuclear Fusion, 46(1), 51 - 56. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/1/006