Skin tumorigenesis by initiators and promoters of different chemical structures in lines of mice selectively bred for resistance (Car-R) or susceptibility (Car-S) to two-stage skin carcinogenesis

Anna Saran, Simonetta Pazzaglia, Simonetta Rebessi, Yolande Bouthillier, Claudio Pioli, Vincenzo Covelli, Denise Mouton, Gino Doria, Guido Biozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Carcinogenesis-resistant (Car-R) and carcinogenesis-susceptible (Car-S) mice were obtained applying a bi-directional selective breeding approach to a two-stage skin carcinogenesis protocol, using 9,10-dimethyl-1,2- benzanthracene (DMBA) as initiator and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) as promoter. Sixteen generations of selection produced a remarkable interline difference in responsiveness to two-stage skin carcinogenesis between Car-R and Car-S: identical DMBA (25 μg) and TPA (5 μg) doses induced papillomas in 100% of Car-S compared with 3.3% of Car-R mice and maximal responses of 14.3 or 0.03 papillomas/mouse, respectively, despite the shorter promotion applied to Car-S (49 vs. 208 days). To define the factors determining this great difference, Car-R and Car-S mice were challenged by initiators/promoters chemically unrelated to those used for selection. Both lines were subjected to either initiation by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) followed by TPA promotion, or promotion by benzoyl peroxide, or 1,8- dihydroxy-3-methyl-9-anthrone (chrysarobin) following DMBA initiation. Initiation with MNU induced a 10-fold tumour incidence in Car-S compared with Car-R mice, and a 32-fold difference in tumour induction rate. The 2 lines also differed markedly in susceptibility to benzoyl peroxide promotion: Car-S mice initiated with 25 μg DMBA and promoted with 7.5 mg benzoyl peroxide showed a 12-fold tumour incidence and a 103-fold tumour induction rate compared with the corresponding Car-R group. Both lines, however, were refractory to chrysarobin promotion. The progression of papillomas to carcinomas was examined in all Car-S groups. The incidence of mice that developed carcinomas was 57% in MNU-initiated mice. Benzoyl peroxide was also able to promote carcinoma development in Car-S mice, though with a lower incidence (30.4%) than TPA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335 - 340
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this