Spectral broadening of parametric instability in lower hybrid current drive at a high density

R. Cesario, L. Amicucci, A. Cardinali, C. Castaldo, M. Marinucci, F. Napoli, F. Paoletti, D. De Arcangelis, M. Ferrari, A. Galli, G. Gallo, E. Pullara, G. Schettini, A.A. Tuccillo

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The important goal of adding to the bootstrap current a more flexible tool, capable of producing and controlling steady-state profiles with a high fraction of non-inductive plasma current, could be reached using the lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) effect. Experiments performed on FTU (Frascati Tokamak Upgrade) demonstrated that LHCD can occur at reactor-graded high plasma density, provided that the parametric instability (PI)-produced broadening of the spectrum launched by the antenna is reduced under proper operating conditions, capable of producing relatively high temperature in the outer region of plasma column. This condition was produced by operations that reduce particle recycling from the vessel walls, and enhance the gas fuelling in the core by means of fast pellet. New results of FTU experiments are presented documenting that the useful effect of temperature at the periphery, which reduces the LH spectral broadening and enhances the LH-induced hard-x ray emission level, occurs in a broader range of plasma parameters than in previous work. Modelling results show that a further tool for helping LHCD at a high density would be provided by electron cyclotron resonant heating of plasma periphery. New information is provided on the modelling, able determining frequencies, growth rates and LH spectral broadening produced by PI, which allowed assessing the new method for enabling LHCD at high densities. Further robustness is provided to theoretical and experimental fundaments of the method for LHCD at a high density. © 2014 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number043002
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Cesario, R., Amicucci, L., Cardinali, A., Castaldo, C., Marinucci, M., Napoli, F., ... Tuccillo, A. A. (2014). Spectral broadening of parametric instability in lower hybrid current drive at a high density. Nuclear Fusion, 54(4), -. [043002]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/54/4/043002