Status of the EU DEMO HCLL breeding blanket design development

Julien Aubert, Giacomo Aiello, Pietro Arena, Tom Barrett, Lorenzo Virgilio Boccaccini, Gaetano Bongiovì, Rémi Boullon, Fabio Cismondi, Ion Critescu, Phani Kumar Domalapally, Laurent Forest, Jean-Charles Jaboulay, Béla Kiss, Alexandre Morin, Justine Peyraud, Gabor Porempovics, Marco Utili, Ladislav Vála

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Abstract

In the framework of the European “HORIZON 2020” innovation and research programme, the EUROfusion Consortium develops a design of a fusion power demonstrator (DEMO). One of the key components in the fusion reactor is the Breeding Blanket (BB) surrounding the plasma, ensuring tritium self-sufficiency, heat removal for conversion into electricity, and neutron shielding. CEA-Saclay, with the support of Wigner-RCP and Centrum výzkumu Řež, is in charge of the development of one of the four BB concepts investigated in Europe for DEMO: the Helium Cooled Lithium Lead (HCLL) BB. The rationales of the HCLL are the use of Eurofer as structural material, eutectic liquid lithium-lead (PbLi) as tritium breeder and neutron multiplier, and helium gas as coolant. This paper shows the basic description of the DEMO HCLL BB concept and its design evolution during the past years, from a design based on the ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM) concept to a more advanced design called “Advanced-Plus” concept. This new HCLL BB concept that has been designed in order to improve Tritium Breeding Ratio (TBR) and shielding performances is presented. This new reference HCLL BB design has been analyzed and show very promising nuclear performances. Nevertheless, the “Optimized Conservative” concept, based on ITER TBM, is still considered as a robust back-up solution since structural improvements are still necessary on the “Advanced-Plus” concept. Moreover, a new Back Supporting Structure (BSS) is presented in this paper, designed to support the BB modules, with the aim to reduce pressure drops and thermal stresses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Aubert, J., Aiello, G., Arena, P., Barrett, T., Boccaccini, L. V., Bongiovì, G., Boullon, R., Cismondi, F., Critescu, I., Domalapally, P. K., Forest, L., Jaboulay, J-C., Kiss, B., Morin, A., Peyraud, J., Porempovics, G., Utili, M., & Vála, L. (Accepted/In press). Status of the EU DEMO HCLL breeding blanket design development. Fusion Engineering and Design, -. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.04.133