Status of the ITER heating neutral beam system

R. Hemsworth, H. Decamps, J. Graceffa, B. Schunke, M. Tanaka, M. Dremel, A. Tanga, H.P.L. De Esch, F. Geli, J. Milnes, T. Inoue, D. Marcuzzi, P. Sonato, P. Zaccaria

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Abstract

The ITER neutral beam (NB) injectors are the first injectors that will have to operate under conditions and constraints similar to those that will be encountered in a fusion reactor. These injectors will have to operate in a hostile radiation environment and they will become highly radioactive due to the neutron flux from ITER. The injectors will use a single large ion source and accelerator that will produce 40 A 1 MeV D beams for pulse lengths of up to 3600 s. Significant design changes have been made to the ITER heating NB (HNB) injector over the past 4 years. The main changes are: Modifications to allow installation and maintenance of the beamline components with an overhead crane. The beam source vessel shape has been changed and the beam source moved to allow more space for the connections between the 1 MV bushing and the beam source. The RF driven negative ion source has replaced the filamented ion source as the reference design. The ion source and extractor power supplies will be located in an air insulated high voltage (-1 MV) deck located outside the tokamak building instead of inside an SF insulated HV deck located above the injector. Introduction of an all metal absolute valve to prevent any tritium in the machine to escape into the NB cell during maintenance. This paper describes the status of the design as of December 2008 including the above mentioned changes. The very important power supply system of the neutral beam injectors is not described in any detail as that merits a paper beyond the competence of the present authors. The R&D required to realize the injectors described in this paper must be carried out on a dedicated neutral beam test facility, which is not described here. © 2009 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number045006
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Hemsworth, R., Decamps, H., Graceffa, J., Schunke, B., Tanaka, M., Dremel, M., Tanga, A., De Esch, H. P. L., Geli, F., Milnes, J., Inoue, T., Marcuzzi, D., Sonato, P., & Zaccaria, P. (2009). Status of the ITER heating neutral beam system. Nuclear Fusion, 49(4), -. [045006]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/4/045006