Steam/oxygen biomass gasification at pilot scale in an internally circulating bubbling fluidized bed reactor

D. Barisano, G. Canneto, F. Nanna, E. Alvino, G. Pinto, A. Villone, M. Carnevale, V. Valerio, A. Battafarano, G. Braccio

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Abstract

An innovative 1000 kWthpilot plant based on a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier with internal recirculation was operated in experimental campaigns of biomass gasification. The evaluations were focused on the gasifier performances and quality of the product gas. To this aim, tests were carried out at atmospheric pressure using almond shells as a feedstock and three defined gasification mediums (i.e. steam/O2mixture, 35wt.% and 50wt.% O2enriched air); process temperature was in the range 820-880 °C. The result assessment allowed to evaluate the system flexibility to the gasifying agent and acquire data on the gas producible with this specific configuration. Based on the dry compositions, LHVs in the range 5.9-6.7 MJ/Nm3dry, 6.3-8.4 MJ/Nm3dryand 10.9-11.7 MJ/Nm3drywere respectively calculated for the three product gases. Correspondingly, an increase in the cold gas efficiency from 0.5 up to 0.7 was also estimated. Concerning the contaminant loads, in the case of the tests related to steam/O2biomass gasification, particle and tar contents were found in the range 6-10 g/Nm3dryand 12-18 g/Nm3dry, respectively, while H2S, HCl and NH3were at concentrations below 100 ppms (v).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74 - 81
Number of pages8
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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