Strain-driven (0 0 2) preferred orientation of ZnO nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica

M.A. Tagliente, M. Massaro

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We present an experimental and theoretical study on the structural properties of ZnO nanoparticles embedded in silica. The ZnO-SiO2nanocomposite was prepared by ion implanting a Zn+beam in a silica slide and by annealing in oxidizing atmosphere at 800 °C. From an experimental point of view, the structural properties of the ZnO-SiO2nanocomposite were studied by using glancing incidence X-ray diffraction. According to the results, zinc crystalline nanoclusters with an average diameter of 13 nm are in the as-implanted sample. The annealing in oxidizing atmosphere promotes the total oxidation of the Zn nanoclusters and increases their size until to an average of 22 nm. Moreover, the formed ZnO nanocrystals have a preferential (0 0 2) crystallographic orientation. From a theoretical point of view, the preferential orientation of the ZnO nanoparticles can be explained satisfactory by the minimization of the strain energy of the nanoparticles placed in proximity of the surface of the matrix. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055 - 1061
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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