Strategies for the plasma position and shape control in IGNITOR

F. Villone, R. Albanese, G. Ambrosino, A. Pironti, G. Rubinacci, G. Ramogida, F. Alladio, F. Bombarda, A. Coletti, A. Cucchiaro, G. Maddaluno, G. Pizzicaroli, A. Pizzuto, M. Roccella, M. Santinelli, B. Coppi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The capability of the poloidal field coil system, as presently designed, to provide an effective vertical stabilization of the plasma in the IGNITOR machine has been investigated using the CREATE_L response model. An optimization of the vertical position control strategy has been carried out and the most effective coil combination has been selected to stabilize the plasma while fulfilling engineering constraints on the coils and minimizing the required power and voltage. The growth rate of the vertical instability and the power required by the active stabilization system has been estimated with this model. The possible failure of the relevant electromagnetic diagnostics has been taken into account, evaluating the robustness of the plasma position reconstruction strategy. A realistic description of the power supply system has permitted to carry out the optimization of the proportional-integrative-derivative (PID) controller, both with a voltage and a current loop control scheme. An assessment of the requirements for the plasma cross section shape control has been carried out considering perturbations of the plasma global parameters independent of each other and showing that the undesired shape modification rejection is possible with the present PFC and power supply system. The PF coils have been rated relative to their capability to restore shape modifications due to different plasma disturbances. The most effective coil combination, that minimizes recovery time and voltage required, has been identified. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036 - 1044
Number of pages9
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number5-14
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Villone, F., Albanese, R., Ambrosino, G., Pironti, A., Rubinacci, G., Ramogida, G., ... Coppi, B. (2007). Strategies for the plasma position and shape control in IGNITOR. Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), 1036 - 1044.