Structure modifications and interaction with moisture in γ-irradiated pure cellulose by thermal analysis and infrared spectroscopy

S. Baccaro, M. Carewska, C. Casieri, A. Cemmi, A. Lepore

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Abstract

The γ-irradiation effects on cellulose structure and on its interaction with moisture were investigated. Pure cellulose paper samples were γ-irradiated in the range 0-1000 kGy. Particular attention was paid on the investigation at low absorbed doses (up to 10 kGy). Thermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR and ATR-FTIR) were used as complementary techniques to investigate the modifications induced by γ-irradiation on cellulose. The IR spectra confirm that the breakage of the glycosidic bonds and the formation of CO bonds are related to the oxidative degradation that is a function of the increase of the absorbed dose. At absorbed dose <10 kGy, TG-DTG data show that it is necessary to achieve higher temperature to degrade the polymeric structure. Concurrently, at the same conditions, a more stable and crystalline structure, due to cross-linking in the γ-irradiated cellulose, was correlated to the increase of the lateral crystallinity index (LCI). Aim of this work is to give a complete description of the effects induced by γ-irradiation on pure cellulose paper in a wide range of absorbed doses, with a particular attention to the modification of the cellulose-moisture interaction. A comparison between the ATR-FTIR spectra and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxation data has been reported. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2005 - 2010
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume98
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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