Study and optimization of lower hybrid wave coupling in advanced scenario plasmas in JET

V. Pericoli Ridolfini, A. Ekedahl, S.K. Erents, J. Mailloux, S. Podda, Y. Sarazin, A.A. Tuccillo

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Active current drive with lower hybrid (LH) waves in the advanced scenario plasmas at JET-EFDA was successful after a systematic study of the coupling problems that derive from the H-mode features of the edge plasma, namely very low density and ELM activity. The LH coupling has been improved compared to the past, by making the edge plasma in front of the LH launcher denser and more uniform. Injecting deuterated methane (CD4) from a nearby gas pipe increases the density in front of the LH launcher at least by a factor of 1.5, above the cut-off value for the LH frequency. A better matching of the plasma shape to that of the LH antenna makes the plasma ahead of the LH launcher more regular along the poloidal angle. These two techniques together have permitted a balanced supply of the three LH grills, with an average reflection below 4%, as in the previous L-mode operation. CD4 does not affect the performances nor does it contaminate the main plasma up to the maximum flow rate so far used, ΦCD4 > 1022 els-1 and now it is routinely applied in JET (up to 4 MW have been injected for longer than 8 s) with very encouraging results for LHCD. Even though CD4 is not suitable for ITER for tritium retention, the possibility of controlling locally and safely the scrape-off plasma density has been demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349 - 368
Number of pages20
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Pericoli Ridolfini, V., Ekedahl, A., Erents, S. K., Mailloux, J., Podda, S., Sarazin, Y., & Tuccillo, A. A. (2004). Study and optimization of lower hybrid wave coupling in advanced scenario plasmas in JET. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(2), 349 - 368.