The electroluminescence (EL) of isotactic and syndiotactic poly(N-pentenyl-carbazole) (PPK), achieved by coordination polymerization, is studied in order to investigate the interrelation between the polymer tacticity and their physical-chemical properties. The use of these polymers in organic light-emitting diode (OLED) fabrication is also explored. Thermal and x-ray diffraction analyses of PPKs show that the isotactic stereoisomer is semicrystalline, whereas the syndiotactic one is amorphous. Optical analysis of both stereoisomers, carried out on film samples, reveals the presence of two different excimers: 'sandwich-like' and 'partially overlapping'. Nevertheless, the emission intensity ratio between 'sandwich-like' and 'partially overlapping' excimers is higher in the isotactic than in the syndiotactic stereoisomer. Using the synthesized polymers as OLED emitting layers, the influence of the polymer tacticity on the EL properties of the device is highlighted. In detail, while blue OLEDs are obtained by using the syndiotactic stereoisomer, OLEDs with a multilayer structure fabricated with the isotactic stereoisomer emit white light. The contribution of three different emissions (fluorescence, phosphorescence and electromer emissions) with comparable intensities to the detected white light is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
Liguori, R., Botta, A., Pragliola, S., Rubino, A., Venditto, V., Velardo, A., Aprano, S., Maglione, M. G., Prontera, C. T., De Girolamo Del Mauro, A., Fasolino, T., & Minarini, C. (2017). Study of the electroluminescence of highly stereoregular poly(N-pentenyl-carbazole) for blue and white OLEDs. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 32(6), -. . https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6641/aa6906