Cuprite (Cu2O) nanoparticles were synthesized at room temperature via reduction of CuCl2·2H2O by NaBH4in water/n-heptane microemulsion stabilised by the non-ionic Brij30 surfactant. Whole Powder Pattern Modelling of the X-ray diffraction patterns shows the presence of a bimodal size distribution in the nanopowders, with a fraction of domains in the 10-40 nm range and a smaller one below 10 nm. Linear and planar defects are absent. A relationship between the average size of the larger particles and the quantity of water in the system was obtained. The stability of cuprite under visible light irradiation both during the synthesis and after the preparation was investigated, showing that a self-catalytic conversion of Cu2O into CuO takes place in water. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics