Synthesis of multiwall carbon nanotubes by electric arc discharge in liquid environments

Marco Vittori Antisari, Renzo Marazzi, Radenka Krsmanovic

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This work reports the experimental results from the production of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCN) synthesized by an electric arc discharge performed in liquid environments between pure graphite electrodes. Both liquid nitrogen and deionised water were suitable for a successful synthesis of this form of carbon aggregation. We report a successful synthesis of MWCN by arc discharge submerged in deionised water. Electron microscopy observations of both the reaction products and the surface of the as-synthesized raw material showed the presence of structural degradation of the MWCN, which probably operates after their growth at the cathode. The degradation is tentatively ascribed to a combination of overheating and high current density experienced by the as-synthesized MWNT, which can be caused by the loose structure of the as-deposited material. The damage appeared to be less severe in water environments, probably owing to the better cooling capacity of water relative to liquid nitrogen. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2393 - 2401
Number of pages9
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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