Tandem collimators for the JET tangential gamma-ray spectrometer

Sorin Soare, Nick Balshaw, Patrick Blanchard, Teddy Craciunescu, David Croft, Marian Curuia, Trevor Edlington, Vasily Kiptily, Andrea Murari, Phil Prior, Steven Sanders, Brian Syme, Vasile Zoita

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Abstract

The tangential gamma-ray spectrometer (TGRS) of the JET tokamak fusion facility is an important diagnostics for investigating the fast particle evolution. A well defined field of view for the TGRS diagnostics is essential for its proper operation and this is to be determined by a rather complex system of collimators and shields both for the neutron and gamma radiations. A conceptual design for this system has been carried out with the main design target set to maximize the signal-to-background ratio at the spectrometer detector, the ratio being defined in terms of the plasma emitted gamma radiation and the gamma-ray background. As a first phase of the TGRS diagnostics upgrade a set of two tandem collimators has been designed with the aim of determining a quasi-tangential field of view through JET tokamak plasmas. A modular design of the tandem system has been developed in order to allow for the construction of different configurations for deuterium and deuterium-tritium discharges. The internal structure of the collimators consists of nuclear grade lead and high density polyethylene slabs arranged in an optimized pattern. The performance of a simplified geometry of the tandem collimator configuration has been evaluated by neutron and photon transport calculations and the numerical results show that the design parameters can be attained. © 2011 EURATOM. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359 - 1364
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume86
Issue number6-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Soare, S., Balshaw, N., Blanchard, P., Craciunescu, T., Croft, D., Curuia, M., ... Zoita, V. (2011). Tandem collimators for the JET tangential gamma-ray spectrometer. Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), 1359 - 1364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2010.12.073