This paper presents an algorithm that has been developed to estimate the residual range of an electric vehicle, i.e., the distance that can still be covered with the energy stored inside the battery. The algorithm takes into account the complexity of the behavior of electrochemical batteries, with special reference to lead-acid batteries, as well as the main issues related to different driving styles. This paper also discusses some of the experimental results obtained by the use of the algorithm in several urban test trips made using two different types of electric vehicles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Computer Networks and Communications