Technological aspects of liquid lithium limiter experiment on FTU tokamak

A. Vertkov, I. Luyblinski, V. Evtikhin, G. Mazzitelli, M.L. Apicella, V. Lazarev, A. Alekseyev, S. Khomyakov

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A liquid lithium limiter (LLL) with a total area of 170 cm2and lithium amount of ≅80 g based on lithium filled capillary-pore system (CPS) as an advanced plasma facing material has been tested for the first time on the medium size high magnetic field tokamak FTU. The main technological aims of the experiment were to test: the compatibility of lithium CPS in real plasma tokamak conditions; the capacity of CPS to self-regenerate an exposed surface and to confine lithium during normal plasma operations and disruptions; the capability to withstand high heat loads without damage of limiter surface. Lithium CPS advantages, experimental base for the tokamak application, general description of LLL design and preparation method were described. No anomalous phenomenon like "lithium bloom" has occurred in the plasma and no damage of CPS surface and LLL structure has been observed after ∼60 discharges with power flux up to 5 MW/m2, as well as on plasma disruptions. Self-restoring of lithium surface has been confirmed. LLL application as a conditioning element with depositing a lithium film on the walls (litization) has resulted in radiation losses, plasma contamination and D2recycling reduction. Perspectives of lithium CPS application for further fusion reactors have been considered. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1627 - 1633
Number of pages7
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number15-24
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Vertkov, A., Luyblinski, I., Evtikhin, V., Mazzitelli, G., Apicella, M. L., Lazarev, V., ... Khomyakov, S. (2007). Technological aspects of liquid lithium limiter experiment on FTU tokamak. Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(15-24), 1627 - 1633.