The valence band (VB) and the 2p core level of the Si(1 1 0) surface have been investigated as a function of the temperature starting from the `16×2' reconstruction at room temperature up to 1630 K which is close to the Si melting point (1683 K). The `16×2'→(1×1) phase transition at about 1000 K causes a sudden shift of the Si 2p core level spectra. It is associated to a change of the surface band bending and to a change of the surface Si 2p components. The transition is also observed in the VB spectra as a change of their shape and of the emission intensity at the Fermi level. Other changes in the surface structure are detected at about 1320 K. No evidence for a sudden surface melting has been found.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry
Grill, L., Santoni, A., Prato, S., Petaccia, L., & Modesti, S. (2001). Temperature dependence of the photoemission spectra of Si(1 1 0) between 300 and 1630 K. Surface Science, 474(1-3), 55 - 63. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-6028(00)00983-3