TG, FT-IR and NMR characterization of n-C

Raffaele Cioffi, Luca De Stefano, Raffaele Lamanna, Fabio Montagnaro, Luciano Santoro, Stanislao Senatore, Armando Zarrelli

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Abstract

This paper deals with the application of mechanochemistry to model systems composed of alumina or silica artificially contaminated with n-C16H34. The mechanochemical treatment was carried out by means of a ring mill for times ranging from 10 to 40 h. Thermogravimetry and infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies were used for the characterization of the mechanochemical products. The results have indicated that, in the case of alumina, almost all the contaminant n-C16H34undergoes a complex oxidative reaction path whose end products are strongly held on the surface. These end products are most likely made of crosslinked, partially oxidized hydrocarbon chains bond to the solid surface via COO-groups. In the case of silica, the hydrocarbon undergoes a different, equally complex reaction path, but to a lower extent. In this case the end products are most probably carbonylic compounds and graphitic carbon. Then, for both solid matrices, the mechanochemical treatment promotes significant modification of the chemical nature of the polluting hydrocarbon with end products much more difficult to remove from the surface. As the systems studied are models of sites contaminated by aliphatic hydrocarbon, the results are worthy of consideration in relation to the mobility of the contaminants in the environment. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068 - 1076
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Cioffi, R., De Stefano, L., Lamanna, R., Montagnaro, F., Santoro, L., Senatore, S., & Zarrelli, A. (2008). TG, FT-IR and NMR characterization of n-C. Chemosphere, 70(6), 1068 - 1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.07.061