PRIMA is a large experimental facility under realization in Padova, aimed at developing and testing the Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER. The operation of these devices involves high RF power and voltage up to 1 MV. Frequent and high voltage electrical breakdowns inside the beam sources occur regularly. The presence of a distributed carefully optimized earthing system is of paramount importance to achieve a satisfying disturbances immunity for equipment and diagnostics. The paper describes the design and the realization of the earthing system of the PRIMA facility, which is based on the MESH-Common Bonding Network (MESH-CBN) topology, as recommended by IEC and IEEE standards for installations with high levels of Electromagnetic Interferences (EMI). The principles of the MESH-CBN approach were adapted to the PRIMA layout, which is composed by several buildings, that are independent for seismic and architectural reasons, but are linked by many electrical conduits and hydraulic pipelines. The availability of huge foundations, with a large number of poles and pillars, was taken into account; building parts dedicated to host control rooms and sensitive equipment were treated with particular care. Moreover, the lightning protection system was integrated and harmonized with the earthing system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Pomaro, N., Boldrin, M., & Lazzaro, G. (2015). The earthing system of the PRIMA Neutral Beam Test Facility based on the Mesh Common Bonding Network topology. Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, 334 - 337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2015.03.037