The free electron laser: state of the art, developments and applications

G.P. Gallerano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Wide range tunability and high brightness are the most appealing features of free electron lasers due to the peculiar nature of the interaction between a beam of relativistic electrons and a magnetic undulator. FELs have been built around the world covering the electromagnetic spectrum from millimeter waves to vacuum ultraviolet. A variety of applications have been made possible by the peculiar features of FELs in the fields of spectroscopy, solid state physics, biology and medicine. The state of the art of FEL development and a review of its applications is presented along with issues related to the size and complexity of the system. © 1994.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11 - 16
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 1994
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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