The front steering launcher design for the ITER ECRH upper port

M.A. Henderson, R. Chavan, R. Heidinger, P. Nikkola, G. Ramponi, G. Saibene, F. Sanchez, O. Sauter, A. Serikov, H. Zohm

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30 Citations (Scopus)


The ECRH ITER upper port antenna's role is to stabilize the neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) on either the q = 2 or 3/2 rational flux surfaces, which requires a narrow current deposition profile (jCD) over a wide range along the resonance surfaces. The width of jCDshould be equivalent to the marginal island width to fully stabilise the NTM. Two antenna concepts are under consideration for the upper port launcher: front steering (FS) and remote steering (RS). The FS launcher decouples the steering and focusing aspects using a two mirror system (one focusing and one steering), achieving a wider steering range and higher current density for NTM stabilisation than required by ITER, offering a threefold increase in NTM stabilization efficiency over the RS launcher. The improved physics performance has motivated the further design study of the FS launcher aiming toward a build to print launcher. The present design is compatible with ≥2.0 MW CW operation and 8 beams per port plug. A frictionless backlashfree system is envisioned for the steering mechanism. An overview of the launcher design, the calculated physics performance and the possibility of using the upper port launcher for extended physics applications (beyond NTM stabilisation) are discussed. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143 - 150
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Henderson, M. A., Chavan, R., Heidinger, R., Nikkola, P., Ramponi, G., Saibene, G., ... Zohm, H. (2005). The front steering launcher design for the ITER ECRH upper port. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 25(1), 143 - 150.