The full-size source and injector prototypes for ITER neutral beams

Gianluigi Serianni, Piero Agostinetti, Vanni Antoni, Daniele Aprile, Carlo Baltador, Marco Cavenago, Giuseppe Chitarin, Nicolo' Marconato, Diego Marcuzzi, Emanuele Sartori, Piergiorgio Sonato, Vanni Toigo, Pierluigi Veltri, Pierluigi Zaccaria

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The development of the NBI systems for ITER requires unprecedented parameters (40A of negative ion current accelerated up to 1MV for one hour) so that a test facility is in the final phase of construction at Consorzio RFX (Padova, Italy), housing two experiments. A full-size negative ion source, SPIDER, aims at demonstrating the creation and extraction of a D-/H- current up to 50/60A on a wide surface (more than 1m2) with uniformity within 10 %. The second experimental device is the prototype of the whole ITER injector, MITICA, aiming to develop the knowledge and the technologies to guarantee the successful operation of the two injectors to be installed in ITER, including the capability of 1MV voltage holding at low pressure. The key component of the system is the beam source, whose design results from a trade-off between requirements of the optics and real grids with finite thickness and thermo-mechanical constraints due to the cooling needs and the presence of permanent magnets. Numerical simulations are a necessary supplement to the experimental effort to optimise the accelerator optics and to estimate heat loads and currents on the various surfaces. In this paper the main requirements for ITER NBI will be discussed. The design and the status of the main components and systems will be described. Particularly a review of the accelerator physics and a comparison between the designs of the SPIDER and MITICA accelerators are presented. Complex network theory will be applied to the NBI system in order to identify the hidden functional relationships and the most important parameters for the operation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2402119
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPlasma and Fusion Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Serianni, G., Agostinetti, P., Antoni, V., Aprile, D., Baltador, C., Cavenago, M., ... Zaccaria, P. (2016). The full-size source and injector prototypes for ITER neutral beams. Plasma and Fusion Research, 11(1), -. [2402119].