The influence of plasma-edge properties on high confinement discharges with a radiating plasma mantle at the tokamak TEXTOR-94

B. Unterberg, A.M. Messiaen, J. Ongena, M. Brix, G. Bertschinger, J. Boedo, G. Bonheure, M. Ciotti, Th. Denner, F. Durodie, P. Dumortier, K.H. Finken, G. Fuchs, R. Jaspers, Y.M. Kim, R. Koch, L. Könen, H.R. Koslowski, A. Krämer-Flecken, A. LyssoivanG. Mank, G. Van Oost, A. Pospieszczyk, V. Philipps, J. Rapp, U. Samm, B. Schweer, G. Telesca, M.Z. Tokar', R. Uhlemann, P.E. Vandenplas, M. Vervier, G. Waidmann, G. Van Wassenhove, F. Weschenfelder, R.R. Weynants, G.H. Wolf

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Abstract

The radiative improved mode obtained on the limiter tokamak TEXTOR-94 combines the possibility of power exhaust by a radiating plasma boundary (with a fraction γ of the radiated power with respect to the total input power up to 90% with neon or argon cooling) with improved energy confinement (as good as in the ELM-free H-mode in divertor tokamaks) at high plasma densities (line-averaged central-electron density equal to or even above the Greenwald density limit nGW) in quasi-stationary discharges. An overview is given of the substantial changes in plasma-edge properties occurring at high radiated power levels γ. These changes are characterized by a reduction of the plasma-edge density and temperature, a reduction of particle transport out of the confined plasma volume and an increase of the penetration depth of deuterium and impurity atoms. As a consequence, the particle confinement time increases and the electron-density profiles steepen. The transition to improved confinement takes place as soon as the density peaking reaches a critical threshold. An internal transport barrier is observed in the bulk of RI-mode plasmas (at r/a ≤ 0.6) characterized by an increase of the pressure gradient and of the shear of the toroidal velocity compared to discharges without additional impurity seeding. The dilution at the plasma boundary is strongly increased by the seeded impurities whereas the central dilution is only weakly affected. © 1997 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume39
Issue number12B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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