The land bridge between Europe and Sicily over the past 40 kyrs: Timing of emersion and implications for the migration of Homo sapiens

Fabrizio Antonioli, Valeria Lo Presti, Maurizio Gasparo Morticelli, Marcello A. Mannino, Kurt Lambeck, Luigi Ferranti, Laura Bonfiglio, Gabriella Mangano, Gian Maria Sannino, Stefano Furlani, Attilio Sulli, Maria Rita Palombo, Simone Pietro Canese

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Abstract

The submerged Sill in the Messina Strait, which is located at a depth of -81 m m.s.l., represents the only possibile connection between Calabria and Sicily during the last lowstand, when the sea level was at about -126 m m.s.l. This multidisciplinary research aim at documenting times and modes the bridge between Calabria and Sicily was emerged, during the last 40 ka BP. The analysis carried out on morphobathymetric, lithological and relative sea level change (both isostatic and tectonic) data allow to hypothesize the continental bridge emerged at least between 21.5 ka and 20 ka cal BP. Moreover, considering erosion processes due to very strong marine currents, it could be emerged for a longer time span. This hypothesis is supported by anthropological and mammalofauna data, together with14C dating on Equus hydruntinus from San Teodoro Cave. © 2012 Società Geologica Italiana, Roma.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167 - 1169
Number of pages3
JournalRendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana
Volume21
Issue numberPART 2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

Cite this

Antonioli, F., Lo Presti, V., Morticelli, M. G., Mannino, M. A., Lambeck, K., Ferranti, L., ... Canese, S. P. (2012). The land bridge between Europe and Sicily over the past 40 kyrs: Timing of emersion and implications for the migration of Homo sapiens. Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana, 21(PART 2), 1167 - 1169.